سم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Summary Points on `Eed Mawlid an-Nabawi
 
At a quick summary level, below are some well-known facts regarding the `Eed Mawlid an-Nabawi (for more details, see "Analysis of the Arguments for `Eed Mawlid an-Nabawi"):
 
  1. The Prophet’s (sallAllāhu `alayhi wasallam) guidance was complete; if there is anything that will bring us closer to Allāh then he has conveyed it to us.  If there is any specific legislated act of worship, then he has exemplified it and has shown us how to do it.  The annual `Eed Mawlid celebration has neither been specified nor exemplified by the Prophet (sallAllāhu `alayhi wasallam).
  1. The Prophet (sallAllāhu `alayhi wasallam) had the best understanding of the legislation pertaining to worship and what will bring us closer to Allāh (and what will take us away from Him – subhānahu wa ta‘āla) and he did not command us to take his day of birth as an `Eed.  Rather he has provided us the correct guidance on how to commemorate his birth, and that is by fasting on Mondays (and not by taking the day as an `Eed, since an `Eed is a day when fasting is prohibited). 
  1. There is no historical evidence to indicate that an annually recurring ritual celebration of the Prophet’s birthday took place in the time of the Prophet (sallAllāhu `alayhi wasallam) or his companions (radiAllāhu `anhum).  In fact, the exact date of the Prophet’s birth is unknown.  Compare this with events that have acts of worship (truly) legislated for them, where the dates are always provided.

Let us contemplate the words of Allāh, subhānahu wa ta‘ālā, who said:

 

This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islām as your religion” (Soorah al-Mā’idah, 5:3)

 

Imām Mālik (rahimahullāh) said concerning this verse: "Whosoever introduces into Islām an innovation, which he deems is good, then he has claimed that Muhammad (sallAllāhu `alayhi wasallam) has betrayed (the trust of conveying) the Message…  So whatever was not (part of) the religion on that day, is not (part of) the religion on this day.  And the last part of this ummah (nation) will not be rectified, except by that which rectified its first part."